Interpretation of the DSC, TGA and Hot Stage Microscopy results can be ambiguous; information about the solid-solid/solid-liquid or chemical reaction transformation can be obtained using combination techniques. Particle Analytical is equipped with a variable temperature X-ray diffractometer (VT-XRD). The method allows analysis of x-ray diffraction patterns from the sample subjected to a heating chamber.
Get explicit confirmation of the phenomena seen upon heating of your sample since the unique fingerprint spectra are collected at each temperature.
Consult our Experts
Dr. Wenbo Wang
Dr. Anna Shevchenko
De Villiers MM, Terblanche RJ., Liebenberg W, Swanepoel E, Dekker TG, Song M (2005) Variable-temperature X-ray powder diffraction analysis of the crystal transformation of the pharmaceutically preferred polymorph C of mebendazole. J Pharm Biomed 38(3):435-41.
Gionda A, Macetti G, Loconte L, Rizzato S, Orlando AM, Gatti C, Presti LL (2018) A variable-temperature X-ray diffraction and theoretical study of conformational polymorphism in a complex organic molecule (DTC). RSC Adv 8(67):38445-38454.
Ishige R, Masuda T, Kozaki Y, Fujiwara E, Okada T, Ando S (2017) Precise analysis of thermal volume expansion of crystal lattice for fully aromatic crystalline polyimides by X-ray diffraction method: the relationship between molecular structure and linear/volumetric thermal expansion. Macromol 50(5):2112-2123.
Karjalainen M, Airaksinen S, Rantanen J, Aaltonen J, Yliruusi J (2005) Characterisation of polymorphic solid-state changes using variable temperature X-ray powder diffraction. J Pharm Biomed 39(1-2):27-32.
Rastogi S, Zakrzewski M, Suryanarayanan R (2001) Investigation of solid-state reactions using variable temperature X-ray powder diffractometry. I. Aspartame hemihydrate. Pharm Res 18(3):267-273.